Cave paintings created by Neanderthals 65,000 years ago were found in Spain. This was tens of years before modern humans arrived indicating that Neanderthals were the first artists on earth.
Self-expression through art
The belief that modern humans are the only species to have expressed themselves through art has been overturned due to this discovery.
This is a major breakthrough in human evolution. The behaviour of modern humans differs only by very narrow margins from those of Neanderthals.
Evidence for Neanderthal art has been contested until now. Mostly the art found was not old enough to rule out modern humans as the original artists. The latest findings in Spain are based on stencils, geometric shapes on cave walls and symbols are...